Premier Fusion Next Generation Thin Kerf P410T Blade - Canadian Woodworking Magazine

Beautiful cross and rip cuts with absolutely no tear out.

Premier Fusion Next Generation Thin Kerf Blade

Premier Fusion Next Generation Thin Kerf Blade



The Freud P410 'Premier Fusion' blade has been around since 2006. One of the innovative features of this blade was Freud's use of it's proprietary 'TiCo' carbide for the teeth. TiCo is a high density blend of Titanium and Carbide. The smaller grain structure of TiCo carbide results in a sharper cutting edge that, according to Freud, gives a better finish with a much longer cutting life – because the grains are much smaller there is not as dramatic a loss to the cutting edge, so wear occurs more slowly and evenly. For the sake of comparison, an average carbide particle can be as large as 4 or 5 microns in size. While better quality micro-grain carbide can be as small as 1.0 microns, TiCo carbide measures 0.6 to 0.8 microns.

Recently, Freud 'upgraded' its P410 Premier Fusion blade. The new Premier Fusion 'Next Generation' Blade has all the defining features of the older P410, along with a new, innovative tooth configuration, which Freud refers to as the Fusion Trio.

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(L) 'New Generation' Premier Fusion; (R) Old Premier Fusion

Freud has chosen to retain the same model number for their new blades. However, you can distinguish the newer blades by the 'Next Generation' tag on the blade (left in the photo above)..

The Next Generation Premier Fusion blades are available in a standard, full-kerf (1/8") tooth width, in both 10" (P410) and 12" (P412) diameters, and in a thin kerf (.091" or just under 3/32") model in a 10" diameter (P410T). I've been using the P410T in the shop for the better part of two weeks.

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P410T teeth (bottom) compared to standard consumer-grade (top) and professional-grade (middle) blade teeth

While the plate, anti-vibration and expansion slots, and arguably the blade coating are important to the overall performance of any blade, it's essentially the teeth that define how good the blade actually performs.

Not all carbide is of the same quality, and most blade makers purchase their teeth blanks from the same small pool of carbide manufacturers. Freud appears to be one of the few, if not only, companies that manufacturers it's own carbide blanks. Which means it can tweak the recipe to get the best results. The higher the quality of carbide, the longer the teeth will last between sharpenings, while continuing to deliver superior cuts. On most consumer-grade blades the teeth are quite small. Larger teeth mean you can resharpen the blade more often, for a better return on your investment.

The P410 features a HI-ATB tooth configuration, which has teeth ground at a 30° bevel angle. A higher angle increases the knife like action of the teeth, reducing tear-out, and contributing to a smoother finish cut, particularly in sheet goods. One of the common complaints with HI-ATB blades is that the steeper angle makes the teeth less durable than ATB blades, which typically have 10° to 15° bevels. This is where Freud's TiCo carbide comes into play – it's more densely packed carbide won't degrade as fast as other carbide teeth. 

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P410T tooth configuration (top image courtesy of Freud Tools)

Freud isn't the only company that manufactures HI-ATB blades – so do Forrest, Infinity, Marples (Irwin) and others. However, what distinguishes Freud HI-ATB blades are the unique grind angles on the teeth. Along with the 30° top bevel grind the teeth feature an axial shear face grind that serves to reduce drag, enabling you to use a higher feed rate during rip cuts, and a double-sided bevel grind that produces a cleaner, smoother finish. The forward-leaning 18° hook angle also contributes to a more aggressively cutting blade, particularly when ripping stock.

The face of the teeth are polished to a mirror-like finish – you can almost see your own reflection. Because of the size of the teeth I would expect to be able to resharpen the blade 8 to 10 times. Freud recommends that you bring the blade to a sharpening service that uses precision CNC sharpening.

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Little things add to overall superior performance

What was immediately apparent the first time I used the P410T was how quiet the blade is. This is likely due to the four polymer-filled, laser cut, anti-vibration slots cut into the body of the blade. They also help to make the blade run smoother, so you get a better cut. Additionally, there are four expansion slots cut into the rim of the blade. These also help reduce noise and control the expansion and contraction of the blade as it heats during cutting operations. 

The P410T comes with Freud's Perma-Shield non-stick coating, which is supposed to help reduce blade drag, lower cutting temperature,and protect the blade from both corrosion and pitch build-up. I haven't used the blade long enough to determine whether it does protect the blade surface. My initial impression is that it's similar to the Bostik's BladeCote lubricant that I've been using for a number of years to effectively reduce resin build-up.

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(L) Thin kerf P410; (R) standard 1/8" kerf

The P410T produces a .091" or just under 3/32" kerf, about 25% narrower than a standard 1/8" kerf. I suppose there could be some benefit gained if you're processing a lot of exotic wood - there will be less waste. But, for me, the major advantage of a thin kerf blade is that it requires less cutting power, so it's better suited for table saws with motors under 3 HP.

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Superb crosscut surfaces (top); NO chipout on sheetgoods (bottom)

I made a variety of cuts in 4/4 and 8/4 hardwood, as well as in various sheetgoods. The results were nothing short of spectacular. Crosscuts had a super smooth surface with no milling marks. On sheetgoods the top and bottom edges were completely chip-free. The thickest piece I cut was 2-3/4", though the blades are designed to crosscut stock up to 3-1/2" thick. Rip cuts are limited to 1-1/2". I don't find this much of a limitation as I do virtually all my ripping on the bandsaw.

I rely on the feedback from the saw and the stock to guide my feed rate. So far, I haven't noticed the need to use a slower feed rate.

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Exceptional return on investment

Granted, I've only used the P410T for a couple of weeks. However, I'm extremely pleased with how it's performed. Superior cross and rip cuts that are smooth as can be expected, with absolutely no chipout. I use a Zero Clearance Insert on my saw, which goes a long way in helping to reduce chipout on the bottom of stock, particularly on shop made veneers. (Find our how to make your own ZCI). While I've been using the blade on a table saw, you could also use this blade on a miter saw. 

Cost of ownership is quite reasonable, amounting to about $35 per use between sharpenings (assuming you have the blade resharpened 6 times at a cost of $21 per sharpening).

If you're looking for a single 'one-does-it-all' saw blade, then give the Freud P410T a try. I'm certain you won't be disappointed.


KEY FEATURES:

  • 10" 40-tooth
  • HI-ATB (High Angle, Alternate Top Bevel)
  • Axial shear face grind & double side grind
  • .071" plate
  • .091" kerf
  • 1/4" teeth length (short side)
  • 15° top clearance angle
  • 18° hook
  • 30° ATB angle
  • Laser-cut plate
  • Hardened steel plate
  • Non-stick Perma-SHIELD coating
  • 4 noise reduction/expansion regulating slots
  • 4 polymer-filled anti-vibration slots
COMPANY:Freud Tools
MODEL:P410T
PRICE:$109.95
MADE IN:Italy
SOURCE:AtlasMachinery.com
BusyBeeTools.ca
EliteTools.ca
KMSTools.com

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Crosscut in Beech
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Two sided melamine panel
June 2015



























Author: 
Carl Duguay
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